According to the February Peace Index, 68% of the general population and 71% of Israeli Jews agree with the Israeli Supreme Court that the Tal Law “creates inequality between Israeli population groups that serve in the army and other groups, such as the ultra-Orthodox and minorities, which do not serve in the army.”
The Tal Law, originally passed in 2002, was designed as an answer to a 1997 High Court ruling that the practice of giving ad hoc administrative exemptions to Haredim was illegal. The law was supposed to ease the Haredi community into national service, but failed to do so. In February, 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that the law had failed to address inequalities in the burden of national defense and service.
The number of people supporting the supreme courts decision is slightly higher than the Hiddush’s recent study which found 69% of Israelis concurring with the Supreme Court decision. This is the second study confirm a public consensus behind the rejection of the Tal law.
However, Israelis have very low expectations that the Supreme Court decision will result in substantive changes. When asked to rate the change that ” that the government will indeed act in the spirit of the Supreme Court ruling and bring about mandatory conscription or mandatory national-civilian service for all groups in Israeli society”, only 22% of Israelis expected a moderately high or very high chance of change. Israeli Jews were even more skeptical: only 19% expected a high or very high chance of change.
The Peace Index poll is a monthly telephone survey sponsored by Tel Aviv University and the Israel Democracy Institute. The January survey took place on February 28-29 and included 600 respondents. Survey results have a 4.5% margin of error. The questions on the survey vary from month to month.